Meteora is a huge cluster of dark rocks rising out of Kalambaka city, near the first hills of Pindus and Chasia. The monasteries of Meteora, which are built on the top of some rocks, is currently the second most important group of monasteries in Greece, after the Mount Athos. Only six of the thirty, who have historically been, operate currently and from 1988 they are included in world heritage list of UNESCO.

The creation of the geological landscape is not yet clearly understood, although many Greek and foreign geologists has performed research about it. It is interesting that neither the Greek mythology or the ancient Greeks nor any foreign historian has mentioned something about this place.

According to the theory of the German geologist Philipson, who visited Greece in the late 19th century, the creation of these huge boulders due to a deltoid cone river boulders and limestone rocks which were pouring for millions of years into sea areas that used to cover Thessaly. The geological changes in elevation revealed this section when the water poured into the Aegean sea.

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